Skin Conditions and Symptoms

Changes and abnormalities in the skin can be alarming to the average person. Oftentimes, our first instinct is to run to the internet for answers. Skin disorders vary in severity as well as their symptoms. Some disorders are quite painful while others don’t cause any discomfort. It is important to keep an eye on skin-related problems because while some are minor, others can be dangerous.

Cold Sores

Cold sores are very common and usually go away within a week or two. They often appear on the face around the nose or mouth. These blisters can be painful and are caused by the herpes simplex virus. Individuals who first contract the virus may not show any symptoms. If symptoms are present, the area will likely have a burning sensation. The outbreak may accompany body aches, low-grade fevers, and swollen lymph nodes. This disorder can be spread through close contact with another person’s face or genitals.


Hives appear because of your body’s defense mechanism. Oftentimes, when someone is experiencing hives, they are having an allergic reaction. However, it can also be triggered by stress or illnesses. Hives generally look like red raised welts on the skin and feel warm, mildly painful, and itchy. Your rash pattern may appear randomly shaped, whereas some are round and ring-shaped.


Individuals who suffer from rosacea experience a variety of symptoms depending on the subtype. Dry skin, skin sensitivity, facial redness, flushing, and raised puss-filled bumps are common symptoms of this disorder. Symptoms last anywhere from weeks to months at a time. However, rosacea is known for its cycles of fading and relapsing. Individuals will experience flare-ups, which are linked to certain triggers. An intestinal bacteria known as Helicobacter Pylori may be a major contributing factor. Additionally, other potentially provoking factors are alcohol, stress, sunlight, and spicy foods. Occasionally, rosacea can be mistaken for acne or other skin conditions, but if left untreated can get worse over time.


Eczema is also known as dermatitis. There are a variety of different types of eczema including contact, seborrheic, nummular, stasis, and atopic. All the different forms tend to cause intense itching which can range from mild to severe. Some eczema types will cause a rash, whereas others may cause scaly patches, oozing or crusting skin, or discoloration. Individuals who suffer from eczema have often reported hair loss in the affected areas as well. Arms and behind the knees are common places for this disorder to appear, but it can occur anywhere on the skin.


Psoriasis is a skin condition caused by the buildup of skin cells. It commonly involves silvery sharply defined patches that are scaly in texture. Psoriasis can also make the skin dry, flake, or peel. It commonly appears on areas of the lower back, knees, scalp, and elbows, but can be located elsewhere. Sometimes, this condition can be asymptomatic. However, patients suffering from psoriasis may have inflamed tendons, joint stiffness, dents in their nails, and intense itching. Although there is no found cure for psoriasis, treatment is important to improve symptoms and lower the risk of developing other health conditions.


Cellulitis is considered a medical emergency and an individual with related symptoms should seek professional help. It is caused by bacteria entering the skin and causing infection. Things like an infected insect bite or cut have caused cellulitis to form. Symptoms include swollen, red skin that is warm or tender to the touch. If you notice red streaking surrounding your rash or are experiencing a fever or chills, immediate medical attention is necessary. A common area for cellulitis to occur is on the lower legs. However, it has been known to appear on the arms and face as well.

It is important for individuals to keep an eye on their skin for any changes or abnormalities. Performing regular skin care checks on yourself is recommended. However, annual visits to a professional at a dermatology office is another essential step in ensuring your skin and body stay healthy. Oftentimes, skin conditions reveal deeper issues related to your health that should not be ignored.

If it is time for your annual appointment or you have any skin-related concerns, contact our office. Dr. Gurgen is an award-winning dermatologist in the Villages Florida. He offers specialized care and treatments to his patients in The Villages and Leesburg, Florida.